Food Guidelines for Non-Human Primates

Food Treats:Adult,
15-25 kg, grp 5 & 6
Adult,
10-15 kg, grp 4
Adult,
3-10 kg, grp 3
Juvenile (any species)CommentsForaging (F)AllergensOther concerns (A, D, G)

Produce:

apple1/21/31/41/8cut out core (seeds somewhat toxic)LG
apricot13/41/21/4remove pit (toxic)
asparagus, stalk13/41/21/4
avocado1/21/31/41/8remove pitL, P
banana1/21/31/41/8can cause gasLG
bean, green1 bean3/41/21/4can cause gasPG
broccoli, cauliflower1/2 cup1/3 cup1/4 cup1/8 cupcan cause gasG
cabbage, leaf11/2 to 11/41/4whole leaf counts as foraging; can cause gasFG
cantaloupe1/2 cup1/3 cup1/4 cup1/8 cupL
carrot, baby3221can cause diarrheaLD
carrot, standard1/31/41/81/16can cause diarrheaLD
celery1/21/31/41/8
cherry4321remove pitL
collard greens, leaf11/2 to 11/41/4whole leaf counts as foragingF
cranberry8642
cucumber1/31/41/81/16
eggplant1/2 cup1/3 cup1/4 cup1/8 cup
fig13/41/21/4L
garlic, clove1111can cause gasG
ginger, inch slice1"0.75"0.5"0.25"
grape4321L
grapefruit1/31/41/81/16Citrus can cause diarrheaPD
honeydew melon1/2 cup1/3 cup1/4 cup1/8 cupL
kiwi11/21/41/8whole kiwi counts as foragingFL
lemon1/21/31/41/8
lettuce, leaf11/2 to 11/41/4whole leaf counts as foragingF
lime111/21/8whole lime counts as foragingF
mango1/2 cup1/3 cup1/4 cup1/8 cupRemove pitA
mint, leaves on stem1111stem w/ leaves counts as browseF
mushrooms, portabella11/21/41/4
mushrooms, button4321
nectarine1/21/31/41/8remove pit- poisonousL
onion1/31/41/81/16
onion, green (scallions)1111/2whole green onion counts as foraging; can cause diarrheaFD
orange1/21/31/41/8Citrus can cause diarrheaD
papaya1/2 cup1/3 cup1/4 cup1/8 cupL
parsley, leaves on stem1111stem w/ leaves counts as browseFP
peaches1/21/31/41/8remove pit- poisonous (or use canned peaches)L
pear1/21/31/41/8
peas, snow peas4321contain phytoestrogensP
pineapple1/2 cup1/3 cup1/4 cup1/8 cupremove rindL
plum111/21/4remove pit- poisonous (or use canned peaches)L
potato (large)1/31/41/81/16L
potato (small)111/21/8L
pepper, sweet green or red1/21/31/41/8can cause gasG
pumpkin1/21/31/41/8D
radish2211/2
rhubarb1/21/31/41/8trim all leaves off- poisonous
spinach, leaves4321can cause diarrheaD
strawberry2211/2 to 1A small strawberry should be ok for a juvenileLA
squash1/21/31/41/8can cause diarrheaD
tomato, beefsteak or large1/21/31/41/8L
tomato, cherry or grape4321L
turnip1/21/41/81/8
watermelon1/2 cup1/3 cup1/4 cup1/8 cup
yam1/31/41/81/16can cause diarrheaPD
zucchini1/21/31/41/8

Other Food Items:

apple chips4321
applesauce1/2 cup1/3 cup1/4 cup1/8 cup
apricots, dried13/41/21/4can cause gasG
banana chips4321
banana skin11/21/41/4
bread, slice1/2 slice1/2 slice1/4 slice1/4 sliceWheat & rye can trigger latex-like allergy; wheat & corn allergic sensitivities; soy flour = phytoestrogensL, PA
candy (small)4321avoid chocolate
cereal with little or no added sugar (e.g., Cheerios)1/2 cup1/3 cup1/4 cup1/8 cupWheat & rye can trigger latex-like allergy; wheat & corn allergic sensitivities; soy flour = phytoestrogensF if in Puzzle BallL, PA
cereal, sugary (e.g., Fruit Loops)4 Tbs (1/4 cup)3 Tbs2 Tbs1 TbsWheat & rye can trigger latex-like allergy; wheat & corn allergic sensitivities; soy flour = phytoestrogensF if in Puzzle BallL, PA
chips4321A if corn chips, P if soy flourPA
coconut flakes1/4 cup1/4 cup1/8 cup1/8 cup
corn, canned baby ears4321NO corn-on-the-cob (blockage concerns)A
cookies, small111/21/2Wheat & rye can trigger latex-like allergy; wheat & corn allergic sensitivities; soy flour = phytoestrogensL, PA
crackers4321Wheat & rye can trigger latex-like allergy; wheat & corn allergic sensitivities; soy flour = phytoestrogensL, PA
dry treat mix1/2 cup1/3 cup1/4 cup1/8 cupP
frozen treats (in kong)1 kong full1 kong full1 kong full1 kong fullKong size appropriate for animal weight
frozen treats (in souffle cup or ice cube)1 4oz or 2 1oz/cubes1 4oz or 1oz or cube1 1oz or cube1 1oz or cubeIn general, distribute frozen treat appropriate for animal weight
fruit cocktail1/2 cup1/4 cup1/8 cup1/8 cupP - depends on ingredients, but to be safe, don't use when P concernsP
hazelnut4321LG
jello1/2 cup1/2 cup1/4 cup1/4 cup
jellybeans4321
juice1/2 cup1/2 cup1/4 cup1/4 cupUsually made into frozen treats
kool-aid, Tang1/2 cup1/2 cup1/4 cup1/4 cupin frozen treat; sugar-free preferrable
mini-marshmallows4321
new world chow1/2 cup1/2 cup1/4 cup1/4 cupMay contain soyP
pasta or macaroni, dry, pieces4321Wheat can trigger latex-like allergy & allergic sensitivities; bean threads = phytoestrogens; rice pasta fineL, PA
peanut butter, Tablespoon1 Tbs1/2 Tbs1/4 Tbs1/8 TbsAs part of frozen treatP
peanuts4321PD, G
prunes111/21/4
raisins8642D
spaghetti, dry 20" piece111/21/2Wheat can trigger latex-like allergy & allergic sensitivitiesLA
spices, teaspoon1 tsp3/4 tsp1/2 tsp1/4 tspallspice, cinnamon, curry powder, ginger powder, nutmeg*, pumpkin powder. *Small amt (light sprinkle). P
sunflower seeds1/4 cup1/4 cup1/8 cup1/8 cupwithout shellsP
tofu, 1-inch cube4321Frozen or fresh pieces, or added to frozen treatsP
yogurt, Tbs4 Tbs (1/4 cup)3 Tbs2 Tbs1 TbsYogurt is used especially by vet staff

Key:

F: Item counts as foraging (record as foraging on environmental enrichment calendar

L: Animals with latex allergies may be sensitive to certain food items which may trigger latex-like allergic response. Learn more about latex allergies.

P: Possible phytoestrogens (may confound reproductive studies).

A: Miscellaneous allergic reactions and sensitivities.

D: Can cause diarrhea.

 

Notes:

Cut produce into pieces of varying sizes for increased foraging. For obese animals, give smaller amounts than suggested by weight category in chart. For Compounds, give roughly the same quantities as above, per each animal per compound.